What is Bowleggedness?
Bowleggedness is also known as Congenital Genu Varum. It is a condition in which the legs appear bowed-out and the knees appear to stay wide apart even the ankles are together. Bowleggedness is very common in infants because of their cramped position in the womb. Bowlegs can sometimes be a sign of underlying diseases, such as rickets or Blount’s disease. Bowleggedness condition can be treated with braces, casts, or surgery to correct bone abnormalities.
A bow leg surgery is also known as an osteotomy. This a type of cosmetic surgery. Bowleg correction surgery is performed with the aim to correct the bent leg bones of the child. This surgery involves removing or adding a piece of bone from the damaged joint to shift the weight from the damaged portion to the healthier and normal portion of the joint.
Bowed legs appear most evident when a child walks and stands. The Awkward walking pattern in the child is the most common symptom of bowed leg. Intoeing or turning in of the feet is also a common symptom in toddlers and frequently occurs in combination with bowed legs. This condition does not cause any pain however bowing can lead to discomfort in knees, hips or ankles due to abnormal stress caused by curved legs.
Initially, the doctors evaluate the child's condition with a physical examination. If the child is under the age of 2 and in good overall health and has symmetrical bowing leg then no further tests are required. In case if the child’s one leg is more severely bowed than the other one then doctors perform an x-ray in the standing position as it shows rickets and Blount's diseases. If the child is older than 2 ½ and has symmetrical bowing the x-ray is recommended and If the x-ray shows signs of rickets then the doctor perform blood tests to confirm the presence of this disorder.
No treatment is recommended for bowlegs unless the condition is extreme. Surgery is performed to correct the deformity in an adolescent with severe bowlegs. Bowleggedness can be treated with surgery or non-surgical approach. Treatment can be recommended in case if the bowlegs are extreme or getting worse with time. Treatment options include:-
- Special shoes.
- Surgery to correct bone abnormalities.
- Treatment of diseases or conditions that cause bowlegs.
There are different surgical procedures to correct bowed legs. Two common types of approach to performing the surgery are:-
Guided growth: - Guided growth surgery stops the growth on the healthy side of the shinbone. This helps in straightening the leg of the child’s in natural growth.
Tibial osteotomy: -In tibial osteotomy procedure, the shinbone is cut below the knee and are reshaped in the correct alignment. The bone is held in place with an internal plate and screws.
After surgery, a cast is applied to protect the bone while it heals. Crutches are recommended to patients for a few weeks. Physical therapy is recommended to patients to restore the strength and range of the motion.
Bowleg correction surgery has a good success rate in India. India also has a large pool of highly qualified and skilled orthopedic surgeons. If your child is recommended with bow leg correction surgery then India is the best destination for it as orthopedic surgeons in India are highly skilled and qualified and add to the success rate of Bowleg correction surgery performed in India. Bowleg correction surgery is an expensive procedure which is available in India at the most affordable costs.